# Kindergarten Number Skills - What do children need to know?

## Number and Counting

Kindergarten number skills - The students are working towards being able to:

• make sets of objects that match a given numeral e.g 3 blocks for the numeral "3"
• know the number name for a set of objects e.g saying "2" when presented with a set of two blocks
• match different numerals to groups of objects
• match numerals with pictures of objects and as two parts, e.g.1 blue block and 4 orange for the number
• compare quantities from 1 to 10 by: using one-to-one correspondence, by making sets and comparing sets that show more than, fewer than or as many as another set
• say what number comes before or next up to 10
• glance at sets of objects (1-5) and say how many they see e.g. 5 blocks on the table
• count by 1s, 5s, and 10s to 100 with understanding of what it means

## Whole number operations (adding, subtracting, etc.)

Kindergarten number skills - The students are working towards being able to:

• understand and show with objects or pictures what the words "addition and subtraction" mean
• estimate numbers of objects - tell about how many blocks are on the floor

## Fractions

Kindergarten number skills - The students are working towards being able to:

• cut real objects into halves, quarters, etc.
• understand what the words "half, quarter, thirds, halves, quarters" mean
• It is not necessary to teach symbols for fractions at this stage (1/2, 1/3...)

Before children are able to learn fraction symbols and do operations (adding, subtracting...) with fractions, they require lots of time for play and fraction games to be able to visualize fractions and understand that fraction segments are equal parts of a larger object.

## Teacher Tip!!

Build number sense with Show and Tell activities...

## Number pages...

Go to Kindergarten-Lessons News to get your FREE printable student book, "Making Friends One Day at a Time".

Use the pages to complete the "Making Friends" unit in the Themes section.

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Number pages:
1. Build number sense
2. Learning Numbers
3. Number games

4. Number Skills

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