Provide opportunities for your students to use new math terms by scheduling time for them to talk about their experiences after they have had hands on math activities or play vocabulary building games. The more they hear the words used in a natural way as they play, the more they will increase their understanding of the words.

Take advantage of the many children’s picture books that reinforce math vocabulary, such as Mouse Shapes by Ellen Stoll Walsh or Gray Rabbit’s Odd One Out by Alan Baker.

### Math Vocabulary List

**Sorting** – sort, classify, order, sequence, shortest to longest, biggest to smallest

**Number and number operations** – sets, groups, amount, how many, fewer than, more than, greater than, most, least, the same as, equal, different from, guess, estimate, ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, one-half, one-quarter, one-third, first, last, pairs

**Geometry** – names of pattern blocks: hexagon, trapezoid, rhombus, square, triangle; circle, point, round, flat, curve, line, corner, edge, face, angle, symmetry, cube, sphere, cylinder, cone, oval, straight, diamond, direction

**Measurement** – measure, taller than, shorter than, wider than, narrower than, length, volume, weight, area, time, hour, minute, second, Celsius or Fahrenheit, degree, centimeter, meter, inches, feet, yards (choose depending on location), distance, increase, decrease, heavier, lighter

**Data analysis**– graph, tally, data, bar graph, pie graph, grid, grid paper, more than, fewer than, always, sometimes, never, compare

**Calendar** – day, yesterday, tomorrow, week, month, year, date, Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer, seasons, day, night, morning, afternoon, before, after

**Money** – penny, nickel, dime, quarter, dollar, etc. (according to country currency), cash, bank, save

**Position words** – near, far, beside, between, inside, outside, above, below, in front, behind, over, under, top, bottom, left, right, closer, further

### 4 Great Tips

- Keep in mind that the goal is to introduce math vocabulary to kindergarten and preschool children as they explore math ideas with concrete objects, not to make them memorize vocabulary.
- Teach math vocabulary as naturally as you would introduce the names of different foods, animals or toys.
- The more children hear math words used with activities, the more they will begin to use it correctly.
- Teach math vocabulary with everyday things. Whether setting the table, lining up for recess, reading the calendar, displaying collections on the science table, or putting up bulletin board displays there will be opportunities to introduce and reinforce the math words above to your kindergarten and preschool students.