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Ten Little Rubber Ducks

10 Little Rubber Ducks

Eric Carle's book, "10 Little Rubber Ducks" is based on a true story about bathtub toys that fell off a container ship and floated to various places.

Eric Carle's delightful tale is another example of his colorful tissue paper collage style. The story begins in the factory where the ducks are made. They are then loaded on a freighter but during stormy weather ten little rubber ducks fall into the ocean and float away.

Try the activities below with your students to help them practice counting sets of ducks and to learn how to use ordinal numbers.

Practice counting

Have the children cut sections of ducks out of the free duck handout, glue them to their paper and then print or glue the correct number beside them. The children can then use crayons or felts to add water, plants, or anything they like to their pictures.

counting activityMake a counting book

  • Read Ten Little Rubber Ducks right through on the first day.
  • On the second day read the book and talk about the story and the pictures.
  • On day three, count how many ducks are on each page.
  • Choose a number and have the children create two or three class books based on "Ten Little Rubber Ducks". In a book called "5 Little Puppy Dogs", for instance, each child can make a page with 5 puppies going to a different place.
  • As you read the class book over and over, have the children count the five puppies on each page.
  • You do not want the books too long, so vary the number of class books you make depending on the number of children you are working with.
  • In a class of twenty children, have ten children create a book about five puppies, ten children create a book about five kittens, etcetera.

Teach ordinal numbers

10 little rubber ducks puppetsTen Little Rubber Ducks uses ordinal numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd....) to describe the ducks and the ordinal numbers are highlighted with bold type on the  book's pages.

The 10 little rubber ducks meet various animals on their journey and the happy 10th duck meets a mother duck with her brood and follow them to her nest.

Read the book over and over to help the children get used to hearing ordinal numbers. Many young children are very familiar with the terms, "first" and "last" but not too many know how to correctly use the terms, second, third, fourth, etcetera.

Using games to reinforce the concepts of ordinal numbers

Make simple rubber duck puppets with ducks cut out of yellow construction paper, stickers, and popsicle sticks (see picture above). Tape the popsicle sticks high up on the cut out ducks to keep the paper from drooping over.

Musical ducks game

Play games with the ducks to reinforce ordinal numbers. Have five children each hold a different duck puppet and walk around the middle of the carpet. Play music and then turn it off (like musical chairs).

You can choose a song the children know and the ones watching from the outside can sing too. When the music is turned off the children with the ducks sit in a row on the carpet and hold their ducks up.

Use pieces of tape on the rug to help the children know where to sit. Every one else chants along with the teacher's guidance (touch each one)... "The duck with the green dots is first, the duck with the orange stars is second, the duck with ...." until you get to the last duck.

Children trade places and five more children get to walk around with the ducks. Increase to six, then seven, then eight, until the children are familiar with the ordinal terms to ten.

Assessing ordinal number sense 

Test a child's knowledge of ordinal numbers by lining up five different colored plastic toys and placing them in a row. Tell the child that the toys are running in a race to the plastic map or book or whatever you choose.

Then ask the child to touch the one that is first. Many young children can do this correctly. Then ask the child to touch the fourth one, the fifth one, the second one, etcetera.

Do not say them in order. You can quickly see which children have a good understanding of ordinal numbers and which ones need to play with the concept more.

Do you have a favorite book that connects math to literature? Share your favorite math and literature story and activities here...

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